According to him, the escalation in the conflict was inevitable and this [conflict] was unsettled rather than frozen.
He noted that the Nagorno-Karabakh has three distinctive features.
“First of all, there are no peacekeepers there; the armed forces are face to face, Markov said. “Secondly, it was the negotiations—not the conflict—that was frozen. Thirdly, the Armenian diaspora is deeply established in each of the three co-chair countries, so these countries were unable to pressure Armenia in any way”.
He noted that the balance of power between the [two] countries is, rapidly and in all terms, changing in Azerbaijan’s favor. “Nevertheless, there had not been any advancement towards the conflict’s settlement. That is why the conflict escalated,” the political analyst said.
Markov added that although there were varying opinions as to who started the latest confrontation on the front line, the Azerbaijani side needs to show a more confident position.
“The UN has resolution that suites Azerbaijan’s interests. Also, there are the Madrid principles. So responsibility for the escalation in the conflict lies on Yerevan,” he underlined.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict entered its modern phase when the Armenian SRR made territorial claims against the Azerbaijani SSR in 1988.
A fierce war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. As a result of the war, Armenian armed forces occupied some 20 percent of Azerbaijani territory which includesNagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts (Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam,Fuzuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan), and over a million Azerbaijanis became refugees and internally displaced people.
The military operations finally came to an end when Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement in Bishkek in 1994.
Dealing with the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the OSCEMinsk Group, which was created after the meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Helsinki on 24 March 1992. The Group’s members include Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, the United States, France, Poland, Germany, Turkey, Belarus, Finland and Sweden.
Besides, the OSCE Minsk Group has a co-chairmanship institution, comprised of Russian, US and French co-chairs, which began operating in 1996.
Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 of the UN Security Council, which were passed in short intervals in 1993, and other resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly, PACE, OSCE, OIC, and other organizations require Armenia to unconditionally withdraw its troops from Nagorno-Karabakh.