Karabakh conflİct settlement İncluded to Russİa’s new foreİgn polİcy concept
APA. The settlement of the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been included to the section of regional priorities of Russia’s new foreign policy concept.
On Dec. 1, President Vladimir Putinsigned a decree approving the new concept of Russia's foreign policy.
“Together with other OSCE Minsk Group co-chairing countries, Russia, in accordance with the principles outlined in the joint statements of the presidents of Russia, US and France in 2009-2013, is involved in the multilateral negotiation mechanism on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict’s settlement,” reads the concept.
Russia is an active supporter of a political and diplomatic settlement of the ongoing conflicts in the former Soviet Union, reads the new concept, the concept says.
The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict entered its modern phase when the Armenian SRR made territorial claims against the Azerbaijani SSR in 1988.
A fierce war broke out between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. As a result of the war, Armenian armed forces occupied some 20 percent of Azerbaijani territory which includes Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent districts (Lachin, Kalbajar, Aghdam, Fuzuli, Jabrayil, Gubadli and Zangilan), and over a million Azerbaijanis became refugees and internally displaced people.
The military operations finally came to an end when Azerbaijan and Armenia signed a ceasefire agreement in Bishkek in 1994.
Dealing with the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is the OSCEMinsk Group, which was created after the meeting of the CSCE (OSCE after the Budapest summit held in Dec.1994) Ministerial Council in Helsinki on 24 March 1992. The Group’s members include Azerbaijan, Armenia, Russia, the United States, France, Italy, Germany, Turkey, Belarus, Finland and Sweden.
Besides, the OSCE Minsk Group has a co-chairmanship institution, comprised of Russian, the US and French co-chairs, which began operating in 1996.
Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 of the UN Security Council, which were passed in short intervals in 1993, and other resolutions adopted by the UN General Assembly, PACE, OSCE, OIC, and other organizations require Armenia to unconditionally withdraw its troops from Nagorno-Karabakh.